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From the answer script of Midterm Examination 2012

posted Jul 29, 2012, 9:16 PM by Sonam Leki   [ updated Aug 4, 2012, 12:17 AM ]
Somnath Gurung
The world is shackled in the slough. Countries are shagged and sick. The science has proved the disease, what is called “climate change”. Climate change is the sudden fluctuation in climate where a cold place even experiences hot climate and vice versa. Although it was a natural phenomenon, the unhealthy human activities has deteriorated its natural process and converted it to be a hot and burning issue of the world today. It is an indirect cause of global warming. The high rate of emission of greenhouse gases traps the radiant rays in a normal level the change in temperature and ultimately the climate.

The vagaries of climate change were on the human notice ten centuries ago. The extinction of dinosaurs, reptiles and amphibians indicated its adverse effect. The former U.S.A president AL Gore made his documentary film, “the inconvenient truth” which explores the perils of global warming and climate changes. He expresses that the world is not in the position to fight this inevitable issue fearing the planet earth may get effaced off the solar system. The world has been bitterly chewed by the climate change. It is losing its scene, the endangered species are coming to the verge of extinction.

The country Bhutan is not free of these issues. Behind possessing 72% of forest cover and lowest carbon dioxide emission in the world, the climate change universally affecting the whole globe. Bhutan has been at the out most risk- the foremost of which was the glacial lake outburst. The outburst of Lugged Tshog in 1994 might not be cause of climate change but its devastation was beyond imagination and another burst is unimaginable. The high places like Bumthang and Paro started cultivating rice which was impossible a decade ago. Climate change can bring a great downfall in the economy of the country. If the mountain shows and glacier goes on melting, the water running hydropower would become unreliable bringing a total downswing in the country’s economy.

The tropical regions have been recorded for high disease rate. The presence of germs and its large species has affected the human settlements. Diseases like cholera and kidney stone are antecedents of these germs which includes mosquitos, ticks, leeches etc. Al Gore said, “There are four factors to remove the germs breeding in our locality, the cold winters, cold nights, stable climate and rich diversity”. This has been a history now; the recrudescence of these germs has low probability of vanishing, for the earth has already become hotter and hotter. The world is losing more than a million of species and one day, we are not secure.

The leaders have used most of their country’s budget in helping to fight this dreaded issue. People are introduced to programs like ‘EIU’, Educating for international understanding, which focuses on protection and conservation of environment. The use of fossil fuels has been reduced, tree plantation is encouraged and waste management is put into practice. The world is fighting against this issue regardless of their country’s development and personal welfare.

‘Climate change’ has altered the total scene of the earth. It has lost many valuable possessions. As an old age reminds, “Rome was not built in a day” there is still a shred of hope that the world may recover. “United we stand, divided we fall,” it is the collective measure of all people as an individual to fight for the world.

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Climate change and its impact

suk raj
According to the Oxford Intermediate Learner’s dictionary ‘Climate Change’ is defined as, “the gradual increase in the earth’s temperature due to excess storage of green house gas called Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere”. Today climate change has become a global issue. Though Bhutan is a small country with no such huge industries and factories, yet we are facing the adverse effect of it.

Climate change is mainly caused due to the emission of carbon dioxide and other pollutant gases into the atmosphere and act like a thickening blanket and preventing the escape of heat from the earth.

Climate change is also caused due to the deforestation which includes only cutting down of trees but planting up none. In fact, trees are the only biological materials that help to absorb carbon dioxide on this earth.

Today Bhutan is at critical state of facing the adverse effect of climate change. The glacier of Bhutan that was before millions and millions years ago has now already started melting and creating many big lakes. The scientist had predicted that these lakes are at high risk of bursting its walls and washing all the valleys below.

Today Bhutan has about 2600 glacial lakes, which are increasing their volume at a very rapid pace. There are 24 glacial lakes which has been recorded as potentially dangerous in bursting their walls and spilling the water down the valleys.

Out of which 14 glacial lakes are in Lunana and lake Thorthortomi is one of the dangerous among them. Lake Thorthortomi is about 3.42 sq.km in size .

If we see around the present situation of our country, we are experiencing a very hazardous drought if there is too much of sun. And if it starts to rain, then it is raining very heavily that we had never experienced before.

As we are sharing the same sphere, we have to share the same problem, either it is good or bad, big or small. A global problem needs a global act and solutions. Today over 300000 people are dying every year due to the extreme heat and heat waves and if the cause of climate change is not controlled, than scientist had predicted that we all will die by 2070 because all the ice in the Arctic region would melt by then.

                                        Suk Raj Tamang 

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